Creating NEW India With Slum Transformation

The Shift:

Urbanisation is one of the most impact factors which India is faced with today. We can well understand this from the fact that around 160 million people have been part of the exodus to the cities in the previous two decades. The issue with slum transformation has been that it has largely been limited to large cities due to the politics involved. The current programmes have a focus on city slums since the census collected data for slums in cities. Further, for better business cities must be made to look better.

The lack of development focus on the small cities and towns have led to an influx of people into the cities and the lack of infrastructure is telling here. The increase in slum area as a result has increased the lack of access to basic amenities such education, sanitation and health care.
The Way Ahead:

Mere entrepreneurial activities cannot check the unproductive use of land and human resources. It is unlikely that a straight forward solution to the slum growth can be found. However, a combination of political will and responsible stake holders is required to develop to bring in the requisite changes. Indian slums are a result of the fast changes on the economic front which the Indian society is experiencing currently. The last census showed that around 14 million homes comprise the cumulative of slums in India. However, these people expect rightfully to be part of March of the country towards a better way of life. While, a slum life for the ever increasing set of incoming dwellers from the backward areas is there. They do not mind the same since it will mean a better way of life for future generation and the opportunities to earn a stable and higher livelihood which would not have been possible otherwise.

Slums cannot be simply removed. They can be reduced by not only transforming the cities but by improving the distribution of opportunities across the nation. This will stop the cluster or jamming of people in one place. Further, slum development will need impetus from the outside as the dwellers themselves lack the resources if not the motivation. Thus, the answer is industrialisation which provides better pay to these slum dwellers. A real solution would not be simply piling people in blocks of apartments like cattle but to build sustainable low cost diverse housing solutions. The government has to break the spell of myopia and focus on the countryside as well with comprehensive and strategic solution for en masse development.

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